R1. Food Handling
Centers must ensure that food handling practices comply with the state, local, or U.S. Public Health Service Food Code, whichever is more stringent. Centers must develop and implement a Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) program as outlined in Annex 4 of the U.S. Public Health Service Food Code. All meat products must meet U.S. Department of Agriculture standards.
R2. Food Storage
Centers must ensure that storage of food complies with the state, local, or U.S. Public Health Service Food Code, whichever is more stringent, and does the following:
a. Storage areas protect food from the elements, fire, rodents, insects, organisms, and other causes of spoilage.
b. Chemicals, soaps, and poisons are properly labeled in accordance with Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR Part 1910.1200) and stored separately from food.
c. Storerooms are well ventilated and food items are stored a minimum of six inches above the floor in a manner that protects the food from splash, dust, and other contamination and permits easy cleaning of the area. Exceptions are:
1. Metal pressurized beverage containers and cased food packaged in cans, glass, or other waterproof containers, and milk containers in plastic crates
2. Containers stored on dollies, racks, or pallets, provided such equipment is easily mobile
d. Storerooms are free of exposed or unprotected sewer lines, water lines (except automatic fire protection sprinkler heads), uninsulated steam lines, water heaters, refrigeration condensing units, or other heat-producing devices.
e. All refrigeration equipment (refrigerators and freezers) must be monitored to ensure proper temperature ranges are maintained at all times.
f. Open food containers, cooked and fresh, are covered, labeled, and dated to ensure proper usage.
R3. Pest Control
a. Take adequate measures to control insects and rodents in all areas. Only pesticides that are safe for use in food service areas shall be used in food service facilities.
b. Ensure that pesticides are applied only by a licensed professional pest control contractor in food service, residential, and education facilities. The following information must be obtained from the contractor and kept on file for at least three years:
1. Name/type of chemicals used
2. Amount of chemical applied
3. Areas where applied and amount specific to location
4. Date when applied
5. Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) for the chemicals used
c. Ensure that pesticides are not stored for usage on centers except those that are approved by EPA for use in landscaping and gardening projects. Proper training on storage, use, and application of these chemicals must be provided to staff and students.
R4. Unsanitary Conditions
In accordance with Section 5(a) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, centers must ensure that staff and students are not required or permitted to reside, work, be trained, or receive services in buildings or surroundings that are unsanitary, hazardous, or lack proper ventilation.
R5. Water Treatment
Centers must ensure that when non-municipal water and waste treatment facilities are used, the following requirements are met:
a. Water supplies meet center needs and satisfy National Primary Drinking Water Regulations (40 CFR 142).
b. Prior to construction or renovation, the standards or regulations of federal, state, and local health authorities are consulted. Renovation/building plans and specifications are sent to the National Office of Job Corps, with a copy to the Regional Office, for review.
c. Records are maintained showing the amount of water treated, amount of chlorine used, daily free chlorine residual, and other data pertaining to water treatment.
d. All required bacterial and chemical tests are performed by state or local health authorities, with the exception of the daily routine residual chlorine test that is to be conducted by center staff.
e. The center complies with the water quality and related standards of the state and with the standards established by the Federal Water Pollution Control Act 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.
f. Records are maintained documenting the water/wastewater treatment pursuant to standards set by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and local authorities and should be maintained on center indefinitely. Waste treatment problems are brought to the attention of the appropriate EPA coordinator and the Regional Office.
g. Records of influent and effluent monitoring data are maintained as required by the plant’s effluent discharge permit and other data pertaining to wastewater treatment.
h. The analysis of all influent and effluent, as required by the discharge permit, is performed by a certified laboratory.