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 5.16 ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS

 
 

 Purpose

 

P1. To ensure that students and staff work and live in environmentally healthy surroundings.

P2. To provide a training, living, and working environment that ensures the occupational safety and health of students and staff.

 

 Requirements

 

R1. Hazardous Materials Management

Centers must comply with federal, state, and local regulations and Job Corps policy regarding hazardous waste generation, storage, and disposal.

a. Centers that ship hazardous materials off center must comply with pre-transportation regulations per 49 CFR 262 Subpart C.

b. Centers that store or handle hazardous materials, such as flammable/combustible materials, acids, caustics, compressed gases, oxidizers, etc., must comply with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 1910 Subpart Z and all applicable substance-specific standards.

c. Centers that use hazardous or toxic chemicals must comply with the regulations of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) of 1986.

d. Centers must notify the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Job Corps Regional Director, and the National Office of Job Corps Safety Team leader when a release of hazardous substance occurs. A release includes any discharge, spill, or leak into the air, water, or land, as stipulated in 40 CFR 302.

e. Emergency response to a spill or leak of hazardous materials must be performed by the local hazardous materials response team or licensed contractor.

f. Chemical-specific information such as Safety Data Sheets (SDS) must be readily accessible to emergency response personnel.

R2. Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)

Centers must comply with federal, state, and local regulations and Job Corps policy regarding polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) in electrical transformers.

a. Centers that are using electrical equipment known to contain PCBs must register with the EPA’s Transformer Registration and PCB Activity Database. A copy of the registration certificate can be obtained from EPA and must be maintained on center indefinitely, and must be available for review upon request.

b. Centers must prepare an inventory of all center equipment, including transformers, capacitors, fluorescent lights and ballasts, and hydraulic oils that may contain PCBs. The inventory shall include the following:

1. Type of equipment, installation date, and manufacturer

2. Overall condition

3. Contact information for nearest PCB waste hauler

R3. Underground Storage Tanks (USTs)/Aboveground Storage Tanks (ASTs)

Centers must comply with federal, state, and local regulations and Job Corps policy regarding underground storage tanks (UST) and aboveground storage tanks (AST). Each center operator, Center Director, and Safety Officer must coordinate to ensure that all USTs and ASTs comply with 40 CFR Parts 112 and 280, and all applicable state requirements.

R4. Lead

Centers must comply with federal, state, and local regulations and Job Corps policy regarding lead-containing building materials.

Lead was a common paint additive used until 1978. Due to the age of many Job Corps center facilities, it is assumed that lead-based paint is present in buildings constructed prior to 1978 unless testing has proven otherwise. Centers that plan to disturb a surface that may contain lead must perform dust, air, and/or water sampling to determine the potential for exposure to lead. Centers in which there is a potential exposure to lead by students, staff, or young children (in child development or residential facilities) must develop a written lead-based paint compliance program in conformance with 29 CFR that includes the following:

a. Designation and training of a competent person, capable of identifying existing and predictable lead hazards in the surroundings or working areas and having the authority to take prompt corrective action.

b. Procedures to ensure that all CTST projects involving construction work will be tested for lead prior to initiation. No student or staff may be exposed to lead at concentrations greater than 50 micrograms per cubic meter of air (50 ug/m3) averaged over an eight-hour period.

c. Procedures for notifying staff and students of the health hazards of lead-based paint. Inventory documentation must be maintained on center and with the Office of Job Corps and Regional Office Project Manager.

d. Appropriate hazard warning will be posted in all regulated areas.

e. Annual student and staff awareness training will be provided in accordance with the minimum requirements of 29 CFR 1926.62.

R5. Asbestos Operations and Maintenance

a. Centers must comply with federal, state, and local regulations and Job Corps policy regarding asbestos-containing building materials (ACBM).

b. ACBM not immediately removed must be managed as part of an Asbestos Operations and Maintenance (O&M) program, in conformance with 29 CFR 1910.1001 and 40 CFR Part 763. Centers in which there are buildings containing ACBM must have an O&M program that includes the following:

1. Documentation, including copies of the initial asbestos survey report, subsequent ACBM surveys or inspection reports, and all asbestos abatement records, and laboratory analysis and exposure monitoring results, which must be maintained on center in a centralized asbestos record depository indefinitely, and made available upon request.

2. Designation of an Asbestos Coordinator who must be responsible for ensuring compliance with all asbestos regulations and policies. The designated Asbestos Coordinator must receive initial training in asbestos O&M within one month of appointment. Training must consist of a minimum of 16 hours of both classroom and practical asbestos O&M training provided by an EPA-accredited training provider.

3. Annual asbestos awareness training for all employees (including custodial and maintenance employees) and contract employees. Initial training must consist of a minimum of two hours of training in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.1001(j) within one week of hire.

4. Annual refresher training for the Asbestos Coordinator and all custodial/maintenance employees. Documentation of training must be maintained in the central asbestos record depository as well as the individual’s personnel file.

5. Notification of the presence of asbestos within center buildings to all students and employees at least annually through a written notice or posting of a statement in the common areas of all buildings containing asbestos. The notice must contain a brief description of the location and type of ACBM, and the name and contact information for the designated Asbestos Coordinator.

6. Posting of asbestos warning signs in all mechanical rooms, crawlspaces, custodial closets, or other work areas where maintenance or custodial employees may come into contact with ACBM. Warning signs must meet the requirements specified in 29 CFR 1910.1001, and must be posted so as to be visible immediately upon entering the room or workspace.

7. Inclusion of employees and contract employees working in areas where ACBM is present in the center’s respiratory protection program and medical surveillance program.

8. Inspection of all ACBM in center buildings at least twice each year to verify the physical condition and identify any significant damage. Evidence of significant damage and/or other deterioration in physical condition that presents a potential health hazard must be reported to the Office of Job Corps and Regional Office via the Significant Incident Reporting (SIR) System.

9. Repair or abatement of ACBM must be performed by licensed asbestos abatement contractors. Clean-up of damaged ACBM by Job Corps personnel is strictly prohibited.

10. Review and documentation of all CTST or center-managed renovation projects by the Asbestos Coordinator to ensure that no ACBM will be affected by the proposed project. The center’s Asbestos Coordinator will ensure that the proper warning signs are posted in the work area per 29 CFR 1910.1001.

R6. Hazard Communication

Centers must comply with federal, state, and local regulations and Job Corps policy regarding chemical hazard communication. Each center operator, Center Director, and center Safety Officer must coordinate and ensure that hazards associated with the use of all chemicals produced or imported by chemical manufacturers or importers, and used by Job Corps students/staff, are evaluated. Such information concerning chemical hazards must be communicated to affected students and staff via a comprehensive written hazard communication program in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.1200. The Center Director must ensure that the center Safety Officer or other designee structures the hazard communication program to include:

a. A complete chemical inventory or master list of chemical products used on center and a process to keep the inventory current. The inventory must include the name of the product and the location(s) where it is used. Ensure that students and staff know the location of the chemical inventory.

b. Organization and ongoing maintenance of Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) for all chemical products purchased by or used at the center. SDSs for chemical products used in a given area must be available to and easily accessible by all staff and students. SDSs can be stored in a three-ring binder or be accessible via computer.

c. Clearly readable identifying labels securely placed on all incoming containers of hazardous chemical products, and such labels are not removed or defaced. Chemicals transferred to other approved containers must be labeled accordingly as well. Labels must contain at least:

1. Product identification

2. Hazard warning showing what parts of the body could be affected (Hazardous Materials Identification System [HMIS] or National Fire Protection Association [NFPA] system)

3. Name and address of the manufacturer or supplier

d. Supervisor/instructor maintenance of up-to-date SDS file for each hazardous chemical product used within their respective areas.

e. Proper training and instruction delivered to all users of hazardous chemical products, including:

1. Identification of such products

2. The specific hazards associated with such products

3. Measures that users can take to protect themselves (including PPE requirements)

4. Methods and observations that may be used to detect the presence or release of hazardous chemicals

5. Potential physical health effects of chemicals used in the workplace

f. Proper communication of chemical hazards associated with non-routine tasks.

g. An established and approved chemical products purchase list. SDSs must be reviewed by the center Safety Officer before the products are used in the workplace.

R7. Mercury

Centers must comply with EPA standards, 40 CFR Part 261, Hazardous Waste Identification Regulations, 40 CFR Part 273, Universal Waste Regulations, as well as state and local regulations and Job Corps policy regarding mercury in fluorescent lamps and thermometers.

a. Each center operator, Center Director, and center Safety Officer must coordinate to ensure that all sources of mercury have been identified and are properly disposed of in accordance with the local/state health department or department of the environment regulations.

b. All mercury-containing paints, batteries, thermometers, blood pressure meters, thermostats, light ballasts, etc., currently in use should be replaced when it is fiscally possible. Center students/staff are strictly prohibited from attempting to clean up spills or releases. Clean-up must be performed by the local fire department, hazmat team, or a licensed contractor.

R8. Freon 113 and Other Ozone-Depleting Chemicals

a. Centers must comply with federal, state, and local regulations and Job Corps policy regarding Freon 113 and other ozone-depleting chemicals in the replacement and disposal of air conditioning and refrigeration units.

b. Air conditioning and refrigeration units installed before 1995 that may contain ozone-depleting chemicals must be disposed of in accordance with federal and state hazardous materials regulations.

R9. Hexavalent Chromium (Cr(VI))

Centers must comply with OSHA standard 29 CFR 1910.1026 and Job Corps policy regarding hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)).

a. Centers that offer trades that may potentially expose students/staff to hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) must develop, implement, and maintain an exposure control plan that contains the following minimum requirements:

1. Trade(s) or center functions that may result in exposure

2. Exposure-monitoring results for the affected trade(s) or center functions

3. Engineering controls used to maintain Cr(VI) concentrations below the permissible exposure limit (PEL) and action level

4. Personal protective equipment (PPE) required during performance of training or center function

5. Method(s) of communicating hazards associated with Cr(VI) (See hazard communication training, PRH Chapter 5, Section 5.16, R6​.)

b. Centers offering the welding trade must perform one round of initial and confirmation exposure monitoring no matter how often welding of stainless steel occurs. No additional monitoring is necessary if both the initial and confirmation sample results are below the PEL of 5.0 µg/m3 and the action level of 2.5 µg/m3 calculated as eight-hour time-weighted averages (TWA).

c. Centers must maintain exposure monitoring results and product SDS on center for 30 years in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.1200​ and 29 CFR 1910.1020​.

 

 Legal/CFR Requirements

 
  
29 CFR
29 CFR 1910.1001
29 CFR 1910.1001(j)
29 CFR 1910.1020
29 CFR 1910.1026
29 CFR 1910.1200
29 CFR 1926.62
40 CFR 262 Subpart C
40 CFR 273
40 CFR 302
40 CFR Part 112
40 CFR Part 261
40 CFR Part 280
40 CFR Parts 763